Yemen's Houthis claim drone attack on Saudi Aramco oil facilities

Yemen's Houthis claim drone attack on Saudi Aramco oil facilities
Yemen's Houthi rebel movement claimed a drone attack on two Saudi Aramco oil facilities that sparked huge fires early on Saturday.
4 min read
14 September, 2019
The drone attack sparked huge fires at the facility [Getty]
A fire at two Saudi Aramco oil facilities early on Saturday was caused by drone attacks launched by Yemen's Houthi rebels, the movement said on Saturday, at the state-owned energy giant prepares for a much-anticipated stock listing.

The rebels launched "a large-scale operation involving 10 drones that targeted refineries in Abqaiq and Khurais in eastern Saudi Arabia", the group's Al-Masirah television reported.

The assault targeted two major Aramco facilities in eastern Saudi Arabia and follows increased cross-border drone strikes by Houthi rebels in Yemen as well as a spike in regional tensions with Iran.

"At 4:00 am (0100 GMT) the industrial security teams of Aramco started dealing with fires at two of its facilities in Abqaiq and Khurais as a result of... drones," the interior ministry said in a statement carried by the official Saudi Press Agency.

"The two fires have been controlled." 

The statement added that an investigation had been launched after the attack in the kingdom's Eastern Province but did not specify the source of the drones.

It also did not say if there were any casualties or whether operations at the two facilities had been affected.

The full extent of the damage was not immediately clear as reporters were not allowed near the plants where Saudi authorities appeared to have beefed up security.

In recent months, Yemen's Houthi rebels have carried out a spate of cross-border missile and drone attacks targeting Saudi air bases and other facilities in what they say is retaliation for a long-running Saudi-led bombing campaign on rebel-held areas.

The Houthis did not immediately claim responsibility for Saturday's attacks, but the rebels' Al-Masirah television tweeted that it would release an "important statement" about a major drone operation in the kingdom.

Last month, an attack claimed by Yemen's Houthi rebels sparked a fire at Aramco's Shaybah natural gas liquefaction facility - close to the Emirati border - but no casualties were reported by the company.

Rebel drones also targeted two oil pumping stations on Saudi Arabia's key east-west pipeline in May, shutting it down for several days.

The Saudi-led coalition intervened in support of the Yemeni government in 2015 when President Abedrabbo Mansour Hadi fled into Saudi exile as the rebels closed in on his last remaining territory in and around Aden.

Since then, the conflict has killed at least 91,600 people, according to the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project, or ACLED, which tracks the violence.

Houthi-held areas have faced persistent bombing by a Saudi-led coalition since March 2015, which exacerbate following Houthi drone attacks on the kingdom.

The war in Yemen has inflicted a heavy civilian death toll and drawn criticism from the international community for triggering what the UN has described as the world’s worst humanitarian crisis, with millions displaced and in need of aid.

Growing rebel threat

The growing attacks highlight how the Yemeni rebels' increasingly advanced weaponry - from ballistic missiles to unmanned drones - pose a serious threat to mighty neighbour Saudi Arabia, especially its oil installations.

The Abqaiq facility, 60 kilometres (37 miles) southwest of Aramco's Dhahran headquarters, is home to the company's largest oil processing plant. It has been targeted by militants in the past.

In an attack claimed by Al-Qaeda in February 2006, suicide bombers with explosive-laden vehicles attempted to penetrate the processing plant, killing two security guards.

The two bombers also died in the attack, which failed to breach the compound, authorities reported at the time.

In 2014, a Saudi court sentenced a man to death for links to the 2006 attack. Two other Saudis were jailed for 33 and 27 years respectively, state media reported.

Khurais, 250 kilometres from Dhahran, hosts a major Aramco oil field.

The latest attacks come as Saudi Arabia, the world's top crude exporter, accelerates preparations for a much-anticipated initial public offering of Aramco.

The mammoth IPO forms the cornerstone of a reform programme envisaged by the kingdom's de facto ruler Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, a son of King Salman, to wean the Saudi economy off its reliance on oil.

Aramco is ready for a two-stage stock market debut including an international listing "very soon", its CEO Amin Nasser told reporters on Tuesday.

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