Trump, Modi unite against 'Islamic radical terrorism' in mass US rally
The two leaders, like-minded nationalists fond of fiery rallies and constantly accused of peddling Islamophobic rhetoric, heaped praise on each other in an unusual joint appearance inside a football stadium in Houston.
To the bhangra beats of four drummers in saffron turbans, Trump in his dark suit and Modi in a yellow kurta and vest, made a grand entrance with arms clenched together to ecstatic cheers from a crowd estimated by organisers at 50,000.
Trump won his biggest applause when he told the crowd, many wearing the saffron of India's Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party, "we are committed to protecting innocent civilians from the threat of radical Islamic terrorism."
Taking the flavour of one of Trump's own boisterous rallies, Modi later asked the crowd to give a standing ovation to Trump for his stance.
Trump has stood by the Indian leader during controversial decisions this year, including his revocation of autonomy for occupied Kashmir and his order for jets to enter Pakistani territory.
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With Trump watching in the front row and listening to the translation, Modi made clear reference to rival Pakistan, which controls part of Kashmir and has sought to rally international attention over the Himalayan territory.
Modi said he was seeking equal status and development for Kashmir, adding that his actions were "causing discomfort to some people unable to manage their own country" and who "nurture terrorism."
"These people have put their hatred of India at the centre of their political agenda," Modi said.
India accuses Pakistan of arming Islamic factions who have fought its rule in Kashmir.
But India has also faced strong criticism from human rights activists for shutting down virtually all internet and cellular communications across much of Kashmir.
Protesters gathered outside of the NRG Stadium with placards and shirts that said, "Free Kashmir" and accused Modi of violating religious freedom - a cause frequently evoked by the Trump administration.
Some Democrats take distance
The event - dubbed, with a Texan twang, "Howdy, Modi!" - was billed as the largest gathering ever by a foreign leader other than the pope in the United States.
Hoping to ensure that it remains bipartisan, organisers also invited prominent Democrats.
Steny Hoyer, the second-top Democrat in the House of Representatives, pledged that both major US parties wanted strong relations with India - but gently voiced concern, pointing to India's historic "respect for secularism and human rights."
"Americans and Indians must strive to make our promises and aspirations a reality for all our citizens," he said with Modi at his side.
Presidential contender Bernie Sanders, who did not attend, was more direct, saying that Trump showed a "deafening silence" on the clampdown in Kashmir.
"I know that when a president stays silent in the face of religious persecution, repression and brutality, the dangerous message this sends to authoritarian leaders around the world is, 'Go ahead, you can get away with it,'" Sanders wrote in the Houston Chronicle.
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