South African lawmakers vote to suspend diplomatic ties with Israel, shut embassy

South African lawmakers vote to suspend diplomatic ties with Israel, shut embassy
South African lawmakers have voted to suspend diplomatic ties with Israel over its brutal and indiscriminate war on the Gaza Strip which has seen over 14,000 people killed.
2 min read
22 November, 2023
South Africa has seen dozens of pro-Palestinian protests, including one at the US consulate in Johannesburg [Getty]

South African lawmakers voted on Tuesday in favour of closing down the Israeli embassy in Pretoria and suspending all diplomatic relations until a ceasefire is agreed in its brutal and indiscriminate war on the besieged Gaza Strip.

The resolution is largely symbolic as it will be up to President Cyril Ramaphosa's government whether to implement it; a presidency spokesperson said Ramaphosa "notes and appreciates" parliament's guidance on South Africa's diplomatic relations with Israel, particularly on the status of the embassy.

"The president and cabinet are engaged over the matter, which remains the responsibility of the national executive," Vincent Magwenya said.

Ramaphosa and senior foreign ministry officials have been vocally critical of Israel's leadership during its indiscriminate war on the densely populated Gaza Strip, calling on the International Criminal Court to investigate them for potential war crimes.

Israel has targeted hospitals and schools and flattened entire districts of Gaza, killing over 14,000 people, most of them women and children.

The Israeli embassy has not responded to South Africa's recent vote.

On Monday, the Israeli ambassador in Pretoria was recalled to Tel Aviv for consultations ahead of the vote, which on Tuesday was resoundingly adopted by a 248-91 margin.

The parliamentary resolution was brought by the opposition Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) party last week when the governing African National Congress pledged to support what has been a central diplomatic stance for South Africa since Nelson Mandela became the country's first democratically elected president in 1994.

The chief whip of the ANC, Pemmy Majodina, amended the last point of the EFF draft resolution calling for the embassy's closure and diplomatic suspension, to include the words: "... until a ceasefire is agreed to by Israel and Israel commits to binding United Nations-facilitated negotiations whose outcome must be a just, sustainable and lasting peace."

South Africa has backed the Palestinian cause for statehood in Israeli-occupied territories for decades, likening the plight of Palestinians to those of the Black majority during the repressive apartheid-era.

The EFF proposed the motion on Thursday in solidarity with the Palestinian people over the Israeli bombardment and invasion of Gaza.