Pompeo says 'hope' for Afghan peace talks in unannounced visit to Kabul

Pompeo says 'hope' for Afghan peace talks in unannounced visit to Kabul
During an unannounced visit to Kabul, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said there was "now hope" for peace talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban.

3 min read
09 July, 2018
The trip marks Pompeo's first as US Secretary of State [Getty]

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Monday there was "now hope" for peace talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban, during an unannounced visit to Kabul. 

"An element of the progress is the capacity that we now have to believe that there is now hope," Pompeo told a joint press conference with Afghan President Ashraf Ghani. 

"Many of the Taliban now see that they can't win on the ground militarily. That's very deeply connected to President Trump's strategy," he said, referring to Trump's much-vaunted South Asia policy announced last August. 

But he added: "Make no mistake, there's still a great deal of work to do."

Pompeo's arrival in the capital marks his first trip to Afghanistan since he was sworn in as America's top diplomat in April.

The visit follows an unprecedented ceasefire during Eid last month, when the Islamic holiday was marked by spontaneous street celebrations involving Afghan security forces and Taliban militants.

Fighters on both sides have expressed a deep fatigue with the grinding conflict, raising hopes that an end to hostilities was possible after 17 years of war that began with the US-led invasion in 2001 that ousted the Taliban from power.

But the insurgents refused the government's request to extend their three-day ceasefire, launching attacks that have seen scores killed or injured. 

The number of Taliban attacks across the country had fallen since the ceasefire, a security official told AFP, though the claims could not be verified. 

US-backed Ghani, who is under international pressure to ensure credible parliamentary elections are held in October ahead of next year's presidential vote, has been leading the push for peace talks.

The Taliban have so far ignored Ghani's offer of negotiations. Instead, they have insisted on direct talks with the United States, which Washington has repeatedly refused. 

One of the Taliban's key demands for engaging in talks has been the complete withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan, but observers say they now appear amenable to a timetable for their pullout.

Currently, there are about 14,000 US troops in Afghanistan, providing the main component of the NATO mission there to support and train local forces. 

Growing pressure

A Western official told reporters in Kabul recently that there was increasing debate within the Taliban leadership over how to respond to growing pressure to take part in negotiations. 

But the renewed violence and the Taliban's recent vow to continue their bloody fight against the government and their foreign backers, has dampened optimism that the truce would provide a clear path to peace talks. 

Pompeo's visit to Kabul comes almost a year since US President Donald Trump announced his much-vaunted South Asia strategy to tackle Afghanistan by including a broader regional approach.

The aim is to convince the Taliban through diplomatic, military and social pressure that it cannot win and must reconcile.

US envoy Alice Wells told reporters in Kabul on June 30 that the Taliban's inertia on negotiations was "unacceptable". 

Wells, the principal deputy assistant secretary for the State Department's Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, said that since the Afghan government and United States were willing to start talking without preconditions, the onus was now on the Taliban to respond.

International Islamic scholars meeting in Saudi Arabia this week are expected to add their weight to stopping the Afghan conflict.

That comes on the heels of a fatwa issued by Afghanistan's top clerics branding suicide attacks "haram", or forbidden.

Pompeo is on a round-the-world diplomatic mission that will take him to Brussels and a key NATO summit on July 11-12. 

Agencies contributed to this report.