Iraq's new PM-designate promises to form 'strong, capable' government amid fierce rivalry
Iraq's new prime minister-designate has pledged to present a government line-up he said will be capable of rebuilding the war-scarred country, in the midst of a worsening economic and political crisis.
Mohammed Shia al-Sudani, chosen on Thursday by newly elected Iraqi President Abdel Latif Rashid to succeed Mustafa al-Kadhimi, thanked lawmakers for his appointment on Twitter.
Rashid's election ended a year-long deadlock which has seen Iraq rocked by violence between supporters of Shia cleric Moqtada Sadr and pro-Iran militias, particularly in the capital, Baghdad.
شكراً لله وشكراً لممثلي الشعب الذين منحوني ثقتهم بتكليفي لتشكيل الحكومة.— محمد شياع السوداني (@mohamedshia) October 13, 2022
أَعِدُ العراقيين أنْ أكون عند حسن ظنهم بتقديم التشكيلة الوزارية بأقرب وقت، وأنْ تكون حكومةً قويةً وقادرةً على بناء البلد وخدمة المواطنين وحفظ الأمن والاستقرار وبناء علاقاتٍ دوليةٍ متوازنة.
"I thank God and thank the peoples’ representatives who gave me their trust by assigning me to form the government," he wrote.
"I promise the Iraqis that I will meet their expectations by presenting the cabinet formation as soon as possible, and that it will be a strong government capable of building the country, serving the citizens, maintaining security and stability, and building balanced international relations," he added.
Under Iraq’s power-sharing system, the president – whose role is largely symbolic – is a Kurd, the prime minister a Shia Muslim, and the speaker of parliament a Sunni Muslim.
On top of the challenge of forming a government for the crisis-hit country, Sudani must now win the backing of both pro-Iran Shia factions and supporters of Moqtada Sadr.
An influential former lawmaker, governor and minister, Sudani has the backing of the influential pro-Iran Coordination Framework.
But he will face a major task ahead to earn the support of their rivals, the millions supporting firebrand cleric Moqtada Sadr, who has taken an Iraqi nationalist line in recent years, emphasising his independence from Iran.
Born in 1970, Al-Sudani was just a nine-year-old boy when his father was executed for his opposition to Saddam Hussein.
After the US-led invasion in 2003, Al-Sudani rose to prominence within the Shia political leadership.
With a degree in agricultural science, he moved through the ranks of the civil service, becoming governor of Maysan, the oil-rich province bordering Iran.
In 2010, he launched his political career in the capital Baghdad, rising within the government of prime minister Nuri al-Maliki, becoming the minister of human rights, then social affairs, and then of industry.
With both sides engaging in brinkmanship and pushing each other ever closer to an all-out Shia civil war, Iraq is no closer to establishing a new governmenthttps://t.co/qpgvAoLDfZ— The New Arab (@The_NewArab) October 13, 2022
Today, it is with the key backing of Maliki and the pro-Tehran Coordination Framework that Sudani must forge a government.
Dressed in dark business suits, and sporting a bushy moustache with neatly close-cropped hair, the father-of-five set out on the campaign trail after the Coordination Framework put forward his name as candidate in July.
As he sought to win over opposition lawmakers, he has presented - as his predecessors did - ambitious programmes promising to tackle endemic corruption and rebuild crumbling infrastructure left in ruins by years of war.
When his name was floated in 2019 as a potential candidate for the premiership amid mass anti-government street protests denouncing the political elite, Sudani made little headway.
"He doesn't have a bad history, and there is no huge corruption accusations against him," said Sajad Jiyad, a researcher at the think tank Century International.
"But the fact that he is not known as a significant reformer, the fact that he is part of the established political elite, doesn't give confidence that he could be any different from them."
When he was named in July by the pro-Tehran Coordination Framework, furious Sadr supporters breached the Green Zone and stormed parliament in protest.
For Sadr, Sudani is seen as being "close" to his longtime foe Maliki, said Jiyad.
"For Sadrists, that is a problem," he added. "They believe he (Al-Sudani) is out to defeat the Sadrists politically... that if he gets the chance, he will crush the Sadrists."
"The October movement is different somehow by being patient and having strategic agendas and support from the Iraqi security and governance institutions.”— The New Arab (@The_NewArab) October 13, 2022
Can Iraq's 2019 October Revolution movement still make a difference? https://t.co/lHVNtlgfR5
Al-Sudani, having cut his teeth in the State of Law party of Maliki, founded his own party in 2021, Al-Furatain, with a total of three lawmakers in parliament.
"He's a statesman," said Bashar al-Saidi, the deputy secretary-general of his party. "He masters ministerial work... and knows how to manage political and administrative affairs."
Among his priorities will be to "pass a budget", "reduce poverty and unemployment", and restore public services including health and electricity, said Saidi.
Also on his to-do list will be organising fresh elections.
Al-Sudani, potentially to head off demands already made by Sadr for early elections, has said that a new vote should be held "within a year and a half". He has called the Sadrists a "great popular and patriotic" movement.
Hamzeh Hadad, a visiting fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations think tank, spoke of his "potential popularity" with the public.
"He already has good relations with political parties across the spectrum, which is why initial calls against his candidacy were not particularly personal, but the circumstance of being the Coordination Framework's nominee," Hadad said.
Like Kadhimi, his predecessor as premier, Sudani represents "the next generation of Iraqi politicians" who came to power after the toppling to Saddam.
And, as premier with the backing of the Coordination Framework's nominee, he will "be more empowered in office" than his two predecessors, viewed by some as "compromise candidates", Hadad added.