Iraqi Kurdish ministers resign amid deadly anti-corruption protests

Iraqi Kurdish ministers resign amid deadly anti-corruption protests
Five Iraqi Kurdish ministers from two parties have resigned amid violent street protests in Sulaimaniyah over delayed salaries, poor services and rampant corruption.
3 min read
21 December, 2017
Three days of protests in Iraq's Kurdish region have left five people dead [Getty]
Two political parties have withdrawn from Iraq's Kurdish Regional Government amid violent protests over delayed salaries, poor services and rampant corruption, a Kurdish lawmaker said on Thursday.

Thousands of Kurds have taken to the streets in recent days in Sulaimaniyah, a stronghold of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), torching tyres and attacking the offices of political parties.

Security forces have used tear gas and fired live rounds to disperse stone-throwing demonstrators, and have imposed curfews in some areas.

At least five people were killed and 80 wounded in clashes in the nearby town of Rania, according to Mayor Hiwa Qarani. Iraqi state TV said fresh demonstrations erupted in Rania on Thursday.

The Kurdish government "lacks legitimacy in the eyes of the citizens, who demand its resignation," Sarwa Abdul-Wahid, who leads the Change Party bloc in the Iraqi parliament in Baghdad, told Associated Press from Sulaimaniyah.

Abdul-Wahid said three ministers from the Change Party and two from the Islamic Group Party have left the 21-minister Cabinet. The Change Party-affiliated regional parliament speaker and the head of the Board of Investment will also resign, she added.

Abdul-Wahid accused the security forces affiliated with the PUK, one of the two largest Kurdish parties, of attacking the protesters and arresting "hundreds" of them.

"Sulaimaniyah has become a military camp for the Patriotic Union where they have deployed all their forces in the cities and towns to suppress the demonstrations," she said. "For every protester there are two security members."

Read more: Protests in Iraqi Kurdistan sparked by long-held grievances

Both the PUK and its main rival, the Kurdish Democratic Party, have faced mounting anger in the wake of September's independence referendum, which triggered a major crisis with the central government in Baghdad who launched a military offensive to retake disputed cities.

The vote for independence was approved by more than 90 percent of Kurds but rejected by Baghdad and Iraq's neighbours.

In October, federal forces seized disputed territory from Kurdish fighters, including the city of Kirkuk and surrounding oil fields. Baghdad has also demanded that border crossings and the region's two international airports be handed over to federal authorities, and has ordered international airlines to halt services.

Even before the referendum, the Kurdish region was suffering from a financial crisis exacerbated by low oil prices. Civil servants have not been paid since August, pensioners have not been paid since February, and the government still owes both groups for unpaid months in previous years.

Protesters have vented their anger against all five of the autonomous Kurdish region's main political parties, not just the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) of former regional president Massoud Barzani, who organised the fateful referendum and subsequently resigned.