The Islamic State is on the verge of defeat in both Syria and Iraq. [Getty]
The "final large fight" against the Islamic State group
in Iraq will take place on the border with Syria, a general in the US-led coalition against the extremists said on Saturday.
Successive defeats this year in Tal Afar, and most recently in Hawija,
have dealt a huge blow to the Islamic State group, which lost its Iraqi 'capital' of Mosul in July.
"The next fight and the final large fight will be in the Middle Euphrates River Valley... on the Iraqi-Syrian border," Brigadier General Robert Sofge, the coalition's Deputy Commanding General, told AFP.
"All campaigns will aim in that direction, and it is going to happen sooner rather than later."
IS seized vast areas of Iraq and Syria in 2014, but multiple offensives in both countries have since cornered it in a pocket of territory stretching from Syria's Deir az-Zour
to the Iraqi towns of Rawa and Al-Qaim.
Sofge said some 2,000 IS fighters were still in the area.
The extremist militants are also under pressure in eastern Syria, facing separate offensives by the Kurdish-Arab Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
, backed by the US-led coalition, and by Russian-backed Syrian regime forces.
Iraqi security forces have been able to regroup and move quickly into new battles following their Mosul victory, Brigadier General Andrew A. Croft, the coalition's deputy air force commander, said.
"We, as the Coalition, are moving quickly to match," he said.
Sofge said IS was shifting from a military mindset to that of an insurgent group with "sleeper cells" able to launch surprise attacks.
"The challenge for the years ahead is police work in Iraq and Syria," he said.
"IS fighters who are not killed or captured are trying to fade back into the fabric of the society."
While IS militants have tried to hide among the thousands of people displaced by fighting, Croft said some 1,000 IS fighters were captured in Hawija.
Many ended up in the hands of the Kurdish peshmerga militias in Kirkuk province.
Control of the province is a key sticking point in a bitter dispute between Baghdad and Kurdish authorities, fanned by a September referendum on Kurdish independence, held in defiance of the central government.
Iraqi pro-government forces have also advanced towards Kurdish positions since retaking Hawija.
But Croft praised what he said was a "high degree of cooperation between peshmergas and Iraqi security forces".
"It is very positive," he said.
"Much of the tension is at a political level, not only does tension (between Iraqi forces and the peshmerga) not exist, but they keep their cooperation high."