Four Gulf states pull diplomats from Beirut over Yemen war criticism

Four Gulf states pull diplomats from Beirut over Yemen war criticism
Four Gulf countries have recalled their ambassadors from Lebanon to protest comments that criticised the Saudi-led coalition's military intervention in Yemen, where tens of thousands have been killed.
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Four GCC states recalled their envoys to Beirut [Getty]

The United Arab Emirates said on Saturday it was withdrawing its diplomats from Lebanon, following a similar move by Saudi Arabia over a Lebanese minister's criticism of the Riyadh-led military intervention in Yemen.

The diplomatic row, which has also seen Riyadh suspend imports from Lebanon and both Kuwait and Bahrain expel Lebanese envoys, is another blow to a country already in the grip of crippling political and economic crises.

Lebanon had been counting on financial assistance from the Gulf to rescue its economy.

"The UAE announced the withdrawal of its diplomats from Lebanon in solidarity with the sisterly Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in light of the unacceptable approach of some Lebanese officials towards Saudi Arabia," the foreign ministry said in a statement. 

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It "also decided to prevent its citizens from travelling to Lebanon," it added. 

It came a day after the Saudi and Bahraini moves and hours after Kuwait asked Lebanon's envoy to "leave in 48 hours" and recalled its ambassador from Beirut.

The dispute was sparked by the broadcast this week of an interview in which Lebanon's Information Minister George Kordahi criticised the Saudi-led military intervention in Yemen.

In his remarks - recorded in August before his appointment as minister, but aired on Monday - Kordahi called the seven-year war in the impoverished Arabian Peninsula country "futile" and said it was "time for it to end".

Kordahi said Yemen's Houthi rebels were "defending themselves... against an external aggression", adding that "homes, villages, funerals and weddings were being bombed" by the Saudi-led coalition.

The Houthis are backed by Saudi Arabia's regional rival Iran, which also wields significant influence in Lebanon, due to its strong backing of the powerful Shia movement Hezbollah.

Sack this minister

Kordahi's comments saw Saudi Arabia announce on Friday that it was recalling its ambassador and it gave Beirut's envoy 48 hours to leave Riyadh.

The minister's words have sparked calls for him to resign or be sacked.

"Sack this minister who will destroy our relations with the Arab Gulf before it is too late," Lebanon's Druze leader Walid Jumblatt said on Twitter.

Kuwait's foreign ministry said the expulsion and recall was based on the "failure" of the Lebanese government to "address the unacceptable and reprehensible statements" against Saudi Arabia and the Gulf Cooperation Council countries.

The GCC is a six-member regional body that comprises Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Oman and Qatar.

Kuwait's decision was also based on the Lebanese government's "failure" to stop operations to smuggle drugs to Kuwait and other GCC states, the ministry added.

Read also: NGOs slam UN move to dump Yemen abuses probe as 'grave failure'

The comments on smuggling echo Riyadh's line, which extended to Saudi Arabia on Friday imposing a suspension on all imports from Lebanon.

Saudi Arabia on Friday slammed Lebanon's failure to "stop the export of the scourge of drugs... to the kingdom, especially in light of the terrorist Hezbollah's control of all ports."

Riyadh announced in June that it had confiscated thousands of Captagon pills hidden in a shipment of fruit from Lebanon.

Iran's grip

The kingdom, which wields strong influence over many of the smaller Gulf states, has stepped back from its former ally Lebanon in recent years, angered by the influence of Hezbollah.

In late 2017, Lebanon's then prime minister Saad Hariri, a Sunni who had been supported by Saudi Arabia for years, announced in a televised address from Riyadh that he was resigning, citing Iran's "grip" on his country.

He spent two weeks in Riyadh amid speculation he was being kept under house arrest there, before France intervened. He withdrew his resignation after arriving back in Lebanon.

Suleiman Franjieh, who heads Lebanon's Marada Movement and endorsed Kordahi's nomination as minister, sprang to his defence on Saturday.

He did not nominate him "to offer him as a sacrifice to anyone," he said, noting that he had refused to accept Kordahi's resignation. 

Qatar, which in January this year repaired a rift of its own with Saudi Arabia, stopped short of withdrawing its ambassador from Beirut, but condemned Kordahi's remarks and urged the Beirut government to act. 

"The foreign ministry calls on the Lebanese government to take the necessary measures... urgently and decisively, to calm the situation and to mend the rift," it added.

Arab League chief Ahmed Aboul Gheit voiced concern over the deteriorating ties between Lebanon and the Arab Gulf countries, calling on the latter to "reflect" carefully on any planned measures, to avoid further undermining Lebanon's "collapsing" economy.

He also urged Lebanon's president and prime minister to take steps to ease the crisis.