Forces of east Libya's Haftar concede oil port loss

Forces of east Libya's Haftar concede oil port loss
The spokesperson for the forces of eastern Libya's renegade general Khalifa Haftar said they lost control of a key oil export terminal to forces led by the Benghazi Defence Brigades.
3 min read
04 March, 2017
Oil exports are Libya's main source of hard currency income [AFP]

The forces of eastern Libya's renegade general Khalifa Haftar conceded the loss on Saturday of a key oil export terminal they seized last year as fighting for the country's resource wealth intensifies.

The capture of Ras Lanuf and the other three eastern oil ports in September enabled Haftar to keep up his challenge to the authority of the UN-backed government in Tripoli and demand a major role in a replacement administration.

Exports from the four ports are the country's main source of hard currency income and without them, Libya's once huge currency reserves are being rapidly depleted.

The spokesperson for Haftar's forces, Colonel Ahmad al-Mismari, said that they had lost control of Ras Lanuf's main airfield to forces led by Islamists of the Benghazi Defence Brigades.

"The attackers were armed with modern tanks," Mismari said.

"We lost two men. But the battle is ongoing. The situation in the Oil Crescent remains under control."

There are four ports along the "Oil Crescent" on the eastern part of the Gulf of Sirte, which account for the lion's share of Libya's oil exports.

Haftar's forces seized Zueitina, Brega, Ras Lanuf and al-Sidra in a lightning offensive last September that dealt a major blow to the UN-backed Government of National Accord.

Haftar dominates a rival administration based in the east that continues to defy the GNA's authority.

He has backing from neighbouring Egypt, from the UAE and increasingly from Russia.

Russia has been trying to broker talks in Egypt between Haftar and the GNA that would see it reformed with a major role for the strongman, but so far, they have not borne fruit.

'Military escalation'

An array of forces, most of them loyal to the UN-backed government in Tripoli, have been involved in efforts to oust Haftar from the oil ports.

But the Tripoli government on Friday evening denied any involvement in the latest offensive, condemning it as a "military escalation".

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The Benghazi Defence Brigades are an Islamist militia that controlled Libya's second city until Haftar's forces ousted them from nearly all of it in an offensive launched in 2014.

They are allied with eastern tribes opposed to Haftar and members of the Petroleum Facilities Guard which controlled the oil ports before Haftar's takeover.

The Benghazi Defence Brigades carried out a similar attack on the "Oil Crescent" in December, but were forced back by Haftar's forces.

In January, powerful militias from Libya's third city Misrata, who are allied with the Tripoli government, joined another such attack.

Mimari said that Haftar's air force had carried out strikes on enemy fighters "from morning to night" on Friday but had been forced to withdraw by the advance on the airport.

Rocked by chaos since the overthrow and killing of dictator Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, Libya desperately needs to relaunch its oil exports, the backbone of its economy.

The GNA has struggled to impose its authority as it faces a multitude of battle-hardened fighters who took part in the uprising that ousted Gaddafi.