Fear in Iraq's Mosul as Islamic State families return from Syria refugee camp

Fear in Iraq's Mosul as Islamic State families return from Syria refugee camp
Residents in Iraq's Mosul are still haunted by what IS did in the city, and do not trust the families of extremists to return.
3 min read
Al-Hol camp in Syria is home to 60,000 people including relatives of IS fighters. [Getty Images]

The return of dozens of Iraqi families suspected of links to the Islamic State group from Syria to Mosul has sparked fears among residents who survived the horrors of IS rule.

Around 300 people from some 90 families left the Kurdish-run Al-Hol camp in northeast Syria Tuesday under Iraqi army escort, a Kurdish administration official told AFP on condition of anonymity.

It was the first repatriation of Iraqi families from the camp, which is home to more than 60,000 people including relatives of IS fighters, and came as part of an agreement between Baghdad and the multinational coalition battling the extremists.

But the move has stirred up nightmares for many Mosul residents.

For three years, the northern city of Mosul was the heart of IS's self-proclaimed "caliphate".

IS fighters imposed a strict interpretation of Muslim Sharia law, banning music and smoking and meting out brutal punishments, including public beheadings, for those who violated their rules.

"We are totally opposed to their return," said Omar, a 28-year-old soldier, whose father was killed by an IS fighter.

"Our future is dark and dangerous because the extremists will live near us," said Omar, who declined to give his surname for security reasons.

"They are a time bomb."

State's duty

Iraq formally declared victory against IS in late 2017, a few months after ousting the extremists from Mosul, the capital of Nineveh province.

The Syrian Kurdish administration official said the departures marked a "first wave" of Iraqi families to leave Al-Hol.

The families were sent towards Qayyarah, an area south of Mosul that is home to the Al-Jadaa camp.

That camp hosts almost 7,500 displaced people and families of extremists in two separate areas, the Iraqi ministry for the displaced says.

"How can we accept their return while many people are still grieving for at least one member of their family who disappeared after being arrested by IS and whose body has never been found?" said Omar.

Syria's Kurds have repeatedly urged the international community to repatriate foreign nationals held in the country's northeast, but the calls have largely fallen on deaf ears.

Iraqis make up nearly half of Al-Hol's inhabitants, according to the United Nations.

"It is the state's duty to receive repatriated Iraqis and settle them in existing camps before integrating them into their regions of origin," said Evan Gabro, minister for migration and the displaced.

Qayyarah district administrative director Salah Hasan al-Jubburi sought to reassure residents.

The families "do not represent a security danger, though I understand popular opposition since they come from Al-Hol," Jubburi said.

Extremist ideas

He said most of the arrivals were women and children, and almost all were originally from the neighbouring Anbar province, also a former extremist bastion.

"There are just four or five families that are originally from Nineveh," Jubburi said.

Ali al-Bayati, member of Iraqi's human rights commission, said the residents' fears stemmed from a "lack of transparency".

"Nobody knows if these people have been interrogated or if they were subject to an investigation," he said.

"Before accepting them, (the authorities) should have ensured that none of them were charged or had committed crimes."

Omar al-Husseini, a human rights activist from Mosul, expressed scepticism.

"The government must be cautious" because the families have spent years in the Al-Hol camp under the influence of extremists, he said.

"Is the state able to integrate them and above all, protect society?"

More than three years after Iraq declared IS defeated, nearly 1.3 million people remain internally displaced, one-fifth of them in camps, according to the UN.

Iraqi authorities have accelerated the closure of camps in recent months, but the International Organization for Migration says many residents are unable to return home as they are often accused of links to IS.

For Omar the soldier, life with the returnees will be "impossible".

"They have kept their extremist ideas," he said