Egyptian authorities arrest dozens amid calls for protests against deteriorating economic conditions
Egyptian authorities have begun detaining people in response to calls for mass protests next month as the country's economic and monetary situation continue to deteriorate, according to human rights lawyers.
Dozens have reportedly been rounded up in a number of provinces, particularly in Cairo and neighbouring Giza. The human rights lawyers have met or seen some of those detained at police stations.
Security forces, some in plain clothing, are arbitrarily stopping individuals - many of them young men - searching their phones, and arresting some of them, according to the Egyptian Network for Human Rights.
Ever since current Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi took power in a military coup in 2013, authorities have long launched successive crackdowns on protests and civil society organisations.
The mass demonstrations are being called for on November 11 to protest worsening socio-economic conditions, days after the Egyptian pound reached a record low and the US dollar.
Cash-strapped Egypt has now reached a deal with the International Monetary Fund.
The Arabic hashtags "11/11", "Liberate your country", "Leave [President] Sisi" were among some which have gone viral on Twitter in recent days.
راجل من ضهر راجل— حسام الغمري (@HossamAlGhamry) October 18, 2022
من أبطال ميدان التحرير وثورة يناير
أعرفه كويس ومن أشجع ولاد مصر
طالع بوشه بيضحى بنفسه عشان يدمر جدار الخوف
قلت له راجع نفسك قالي بالنص:عاوز ولادي لما يكبروا يقولوا بابا بطل
هي موته وللا أكتر .. كلنا فداكي يا مصر
عاوزين ألف شير تحيه للبطل #انزل_11_11_حرر_بلدك pic.twitter.com/CtxR9j6Skt
شباب هي الصوره دي بجد ولا لأ— صوت الثورة✌ (@Ahmed6666633) October 14, 2022
والله لو بجد ف ابشروو المره دي غير اي مره✌✌#احشد_ليوم_11نوفمبر #انشر_دعوة_11نوفمبر pic.twitter.com/fVe4eZCOMF
بنت مصر من ٦ أكتوبر— حسام الغمري (@HossamAlGhamry) October 22, 2022
ربنا معانا ان شاء الله #إنزل_١١_١١_حرر_بلدك pic.twitter.com/01VsonKPKn
Government officials and pro-government MPs have shrugged off the calls for protest. Parliament member Abdelmonem Emam, head of the Justice Party, said they "do not represent the Egyptian people" and are not worth responding to.
The US Embassy had earlier warned its citizens of possible demonstrations, advising them to stay away from large gatherings.
"Over the last 24 hours, Egypt has experienced a significant currency devaluation, which impacts its economy and population. Some postings on social media are currently calling for protests in Cairo, including following a local soccer match tonight. Social media posts also indicate that cafes will close after the match as part of the protests," the US Embassy in Egypt said on its website.
"US. citizens should, therefore, be aware of both the possibility of protests and potential for increased law enforcement and security presence in Egypt," it added.
The embassy advised its citizens to monitor local media for updates, avoid large demonstrations and crowds, keep a low profile and be aware of their surroundings.
"These conditions eventually became the economic foundations of the Arab Spring, the 2011 uprisings that gave us the famous slogan 'Aish, Horreya, Adala Egtema’eya', meaning 'Bread, Freedom & Social Justice'."@NotNihal examines Egypt's economic crisis ⬇https://t.co/CE9NPTCUYp— The New Arab (@The_NewArab) April 29, 2022
The Central Bank of Egypt on Thursday implemented exchange rate flexibility, allowing the value of the Egyptian pound to be regulated by market forces in a bid to save an already ailing economy.
Following the controversial decision, the local currency dropped in value against the US dollar by 12%, following a 15% spike in the inflation rate, the highest in four years amid growing economic hardships, and the second floating in 2022.
On the same day, the government reached a deal with the IMF for a new $3 billion loan to support its 'reform' program.
Egypt is scheduled to host the COP27 summit in the Red Sea resort of Sharm el-Sheikh starting on November 6.