Calais 'Jungle Camp' empties as demolition crews move in

Calais 'Jungle Camp' empties as demolition crews move in
The makeshift Jungle Camp on the outskirts of Calais will be finally demolished, as the residents finally depart the temporary home.
4 min read
25 October, 2016
The refugee camp in Calais will be demolished with residents dispersed across France [Getty]

Workers are set to demolish the notorious Calais "Jungle" camp, as a second batch of migrants boarded buses under a massive operation to clear the squalid settlement.

More than 1,900 left the slum on Monday, ahead of work to tear down the makeshift shelters and eateries in the camp that has become a symbol of Europe's refugee crisis.

Some 400 youngsters are being provisionally housed in shipping containers in a part of the "Jungle Camp" where families had been living, Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve said Monday.

"The Jungle"

An estimated 6,000 to 8,000 people, mainly Afghans, Sudanese and Eritreans, have been living in dire conditions in one of Europe's largest shanty towns in the hope of sneaking into the UK.

Early Tuesday, scores of minors awaited their turn to be interviewed by French and British officials.

Among them was Alaa, a 17-year-old from Iraq's second city Mosul, who said he fled his country with his 25-year-old brother when the Islamic State group launched its offensive into northern Iraq in 2014.

"We had no choice but to flee," he said. "If they want to kill you they kill you."

But life in the Jungle has been "really horrible," he said. "I had my phone stolen, I was beaten, I was threatened."

His brother managed to sneak into the UK and join an uncle there, but Alaa stayed back because "it was far too frightening and dangerous".

Cazeneuve said all unaccompanied minors "with proven family links in Great Britain" would eventually be transferred across the Channel.

UK Interior Minister Amber Rudd said the country was contributing up to £36 million (40 million euros, $44 million) towards the operation to clear the camp.

Humanitarian crisis

The head of France's refugee agency, Pascal Brice, had harsh words for Britain's role on Tuesday.

"We're doing their work for them," he said on French radio, reiterating calls for the UK to take in the Jungle's minors.

The UK and France signed the so-called Le Touquet accord, which effectively moved Britain's border with France to the French side of the Channel, in 2003.

Christian Salome, head of the Auberge des Migrants (Migrants' Hostel) charity, said the transfer process was "working well" but he feared around 2,000 people "still want to reach England." The French interior ministry dismissed that figure as exaggerated.

All I want is to go back to school, to start a new life.
- Alaa, 17-year-old Iraqi

Located on wasteland next to the port of Calais, the four-square-kilometre (1.5-square-mile) Jungle has become a symbol of Europe's failure to resolve its worst migration crisis since World War II.

More than one million people fleeing war and poverty in the Middle East, Asia and Africa poured into Europe last year, sowing divisions across the 28-nation bloc and fuelling the rise of far-right parties.

Brice said Tuesday that some 100,000 people will have sought asylum in France this year compared with 80,000 in 2015.

Those seeking to smuggle themselves into the UK, believing it offers better chances of work and integration than France, have been converging on Calais for well over a decade.

Over the past year, police have battled near-nightly attempts by migrants to climb onto trucks heading across the Channel.

The redistribution of the migrants is a risky enterprise for Socialist President Francois Hollande, six months before elections in which migration will loom large.

Some have opposed plans to resettle asylum-seekers in their communities.

In the eastern village of Chardonnay two dozen young Sudanese asylum seekers received a chilly reception on Monday.

Locals watched from a distance as the men got off the bus in the village, which will eventually host 50 asylum seekers among a population of just 200 villagers.

"This massive arrival of migrants, it's inappropriate," fumed resident Joelle Chevaux, out walking her dog.

But elsewhere people turned out in solidarity for the migrants, with rallies attracting some 200 people in Paris and 250 in the western city of Nantes, according to police.

Jean-Marc Puissesseau, chief executive of Calais port, told Britain's BBC radio he was "a very, very happy man" and hailed an end to the "constant stress" of drivers fearful of being ambushed by migrants.

Dozens of people have been killed on the road or while trying to jump onto passing trains.

Puissesseau warned that new camps would sprout up around Calais unless police remained vigilant.

"All I want is to go back to school, to start a new life," said Alaa, the 17-year-old Iraqi.