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Robert Clines

Robert Clines


Robert Clines is Associate Professor of History and International Studies at Western Carolina University. His scholarship focuses on Islamophobia, antisemitism, and Orientalism in Medieval and Renaissance Europe, as well as the history of premodern Arab Christianity.

For centuries, the West depicted Islam as violent to justify its violence against Muslims & Arabs. Now, Israel uses this rhetoric in Gaza, writes Robert Clines.

19 March, 2024