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Rachael Shapiro & Rachel Levine

Rachael Shapiro & Rachel Levine

Shapiro & Levine

Rachael Shapiro is an anti-Zionist Jewish activist originally from the US and based in Berlin. A descendant of Holocaust survivors, she is active in the movement for Palestinian liberation and with the group Sozialismus von unten (“Socialism from below”) in Germany. Follow her on Instagram: @solarbagel

Rachel Levine is a human rights advocate and a diaspora Jew active with various initiatives working towards more pluralistic, just and inclusive societies around the globe.


Germany's support for Israel's war on Gaza proves its culture of guilt and repentance is performative and selective, write Rachael Shapiro & Rachel Levine.

13 March, 2024