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Death of Iran's Raisi has delayed talks with IAEA, Grossi says

Death of Iran's President Raisi has delayed talks with IAEA, Grossi says
2 min read
22 May, 2024
UN nuclear watchdog chief Rafael Grossi said Iran is 'in a mourning period which I need to respect'.
Rafael Grossi is the head of the UN's nuclear watchdog [JOE KLAMAR/AFP/Getty-archive]

The deaths of Iran's president and foreign minister in a helicopter crash have caused a pause in the UN nuclear watchdog's talks with Tehran over improving cooperation with the agency, the watchdog's chief Rafael Grossi told Reuters on Wednesday.

"They are in a mourning period which I need to respect," International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) chief Grossi said in Helsinki, where he spoke at a nuclear conference.

"But once this is over, we are going to be engaging again," he said, describing it as a "temporary interruption that I hope will be over in a matter of days".

Grossi said the IAEA was planning to continue technical discussions with Iran but they had not yet taken place due to last weekend's helicopter crash that killed President Ebrahim Raisi and Foreign Minister Hossein Amirabdollahian.

The IAEA faces a range of challenges in Iran, from Tehran's recent barring of many of the most experienced uranium-enrichment experts on its inspection team to Iran's continued failure to explain uranium traces found at undeclared sites despite a years-long IAEA investigation.

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The IAEA has been trying to expand its oversight of Iran's atomic activities while the country's uranium-enrichment programme continues to advance.

Iran is enriching uranium to up to 60 percent purity, close to the 90 percent of weapons-grade, which no other country has done without developing nuclear weapons.

Tehran says its aims are entirely peaceful.

Iran currently has about 140 kg of uranium enriched to up to 60 percent, Grossi said.

According to an IAEA definition, that is theoretically enough, if enriched further, for three nuclear bombs.

The IAEA's last quarterly report in February said Iran had 121.5 kg, enough for two bombs.

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Iran is still producing about nine kg a month of uranium enriched to up to 60 percent, Grossi said. It is also enriching to lower levels at which it has enough material for potentially more bombs.

Grossi, who two weeks ago said he wanted to start to see concrete results on improved cooperation from Iran soon, repeated that hope but said a more wide-ranging deal would require "a bit more time".

For now, his team had not made progress on the main issues, he said.

"It is high time there is some concrete issuance and if not resolution, some clarification of what is this," Grossi said of the uranium traces at undeclared sites.

"And I would say, confidence in many parts of the world [in Iran on the nuclear issue] is growing thinner."