Tunisia's President Beji Caid Essebsi dies

Tunisia's President Beji Caid Essebsi dies
Tunisia lost its first democratically elected president on Thursday, with fears of a power vacuum ahead of November elections.
3 min read
25 July, 2019
Tunisian President Beji Caid Essebsi passed away on Thursday [AFP/Getty]
Tunisian President Beji Caid Essebsi, the North African country's first democratically-elected leader, died at the age of 92 on Thursday, his office said on Thursday.

The veteran politician and oldest head of state after the UK's Queen Elizabeth II, came to power in 2014 just three years after the Arab Spring uprising toppled longtime despot Zine El Abidine Ben Ali and sparked revolts in several Arab nations.

He had been hospitalised with a severe illness in late June and returned to intensive care on Thursday.

"Things are not going well," the leader's son Hafedh Caid Essebsi told AFP earlier on Thursday after he was readmitted.

Concerned over a potential power vacuum ahead of November polls, politicians and social media users had called for greater transparency about the president's health since he was hospitalised last month.

Tunisia's constitution, adopted in 2014, provides two measures in the case of a power vacuum.

The prime minister can take over the president's responsibilities for a period of no more than 60 days. 

If the vacancy is longer, the speaker of parliament is tasked with the role for up to 90 days.

In both cases, the decision must be taken by a constitutional court after it validates the president's incapacity.

But eight years after the Arab Spring, Tunisia has yet to set up a constitutional court.

Jihadist attacks

Tunisia has been hit by repeated jihadist attacks since the overthrow of Ben Ali and democracy remains fragile.

In March 2015, jihadist gunmen killed 21 tourists and a policeman at the National Bardo Museum in Tunis.

In June that year, 30 Britons were among 38 foreign holidaymakers killed in a gun and grenade attack on a beach resort near the Tunisian city of Sousse.

And in November 2015, a suicide bombing against a bus carrying presidential guards killed 12, in an attack claimed by the Islamic State group. 

A veteran politician, Essebsi served as an adviser to Habib Bourguiba, the father of Tunisia's independence from France, holding a number of key jobs under him and later under Ben Ali.

In-depth: Tunisian voters defiant despite terror attacks and president's ill health

Under the old regime, Essebsi held powerful positions including director general of the national police and interior minister. He later held the defence portfolio before becoming ambassador to France.

He became prime minister after the 2011 uprising and organised parliamentary elections later that year. 

Essebsi is the founder and chairman of the secularist Nidaa Tounes (Call of Tunis) party.

In April, he said he did not plan to stand for re-election in polls due to be held in November this year in order to make way for someone younger.

Presidential elections are scheduled for 17 November, after parliamentary elections which have been set for October 6.

Essebsi has neither rejected nor enacted an amended electoral code passed by parliament in June that would bar the way for several strong candidates in the upcoming polls.

The restrictions would rule out the candidacy of media magnate Nabil Karoui who has formed a political party and stated his intention to stand in the poll.

Karoui was charged earlier this month with money laundering.

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