Israel strikes besieged Gaza amid its deadly West Bank raids
Security sources in Gaza reported two strikes in the south of the enclave, one against a military training site in Khan Younis and the other in an uninhabited area close to Rafah.
The strikes caused no injuries, according to Palestinian medical sources.
"The Zionist enemy is extending its aggression against our people by brutally bombarding the Gaza Strip, following its crime yesterday of executing the martyr Ammar Mufleh in Huwara," Hamas spokesman Hazem Qassem said.
The Israeli army reported on Saturday evening a rocket had been fired from the Gaza Strip towards Israel, the first in a month.
The attack came as one of Gaza's larger armed factions, Islamic Jihad, threatened to retaliate after Israeli troops killed two of its leaders in the West Bank town of Jenin on Thursday.
The target was a site "where the majority of the organisation's rockets in the Gaza Strip are being manufactured", the Israeli army said in a statement.
The Israeli army also hit "a Hamas terrorist tunnel in the Southern Gaza Strip", it said.
The army said a few hours later it had targeted a Hamas military post in response to fire from the Gaza Strip against Israeli warplanes.
The armed wing of Hamas said it used anti-aircraft missiles during Israeli air strikes on the Gaza Strip.
A surge in bloodshed in the occupied West Bank has sparked international criticism of the Israeli army for its use of lethal force against Palestinian civilians.
Criticism has focused on the killing of Ammar Hadi Mufleh, 22, by an Israeli border policeman in the West Bank town of Huwara, just south of Nablus, on Friday.
At least 145 Palestinians and 26 Israelis have been killed in violence in Israel and the West Bank, including annexed east Jerusalem, this year, the heaviest toll since 2015.
In August, at least 49 Palestinians, including combatants but also civilians, were killed in a three-day Israeli bombing campaign on Gaza, which has been under Israeli blockade since 2007.