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Iraq to redeploy federal forces along Iran, Turkey border

Iraq to redeploy federal forces along border with Iran, Turkey
3 min read
23 November, 2022
The announcement appeared to respond in particular to Iran, which had publicly urged such a move.
Iran and Turkey have repeatedly bombed opposition groups in Iraqi Kurdistan [SAFIN HAMED/AFP via Getty Images-file photo]

Baghdad on Wednesday said it planned to redeploy federal guards along its border with Iran and Turkey, after repeated bombardments from both neighbouring countries against opposition groups in Iraq's autonomous Kurdistan region.

The announcement appeared to respond in particular to Iran, which had publicly urged such a move.

Authorities have decided to "establish a plan to redeploy Iraqi border guards… along the border with Iran and Turkey", a statement said, issued after a government security meeting overseen by Prime Minister Mohammed Shia Al-Sudani.

The initiative will be "in coordination with the government of the Kurdistan region and the peshmerga ministry", the statement added, referring to the Kurdish regional forces whose chief was also present at the meeting.

Iraqi Kurdistan's borders are currently guarded by the peshmerga, who however work in the area under the direction of the federal defence ministry in Baghdad.

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Iran has blamed outside powers and exiled Kurdish groups for stoking a wave of protests sparked by the 16 September death of Mahsa Amini, a 22-year-old Kurdish Iranian who died after being arrested by Tehran's morality police for allegedly wearing her hijab 'incorrectly'.

Iran's Foreign Minister Hossein Amirabdollahian warned earlier on Wednesday that Tehran would continue to act against "threats" from abroad.

Iran's military operations inside Iraqi Kurdistan will continue until Baghdad's national forces are stationed on the border and "we will no longer need to act to defend our territorial integrity", he said.

Earlier this week, Iranian foreign ministry spokesman Nasser Kanani expressed hope Iraq's government would deploy "border guards at the common border, so that Iran does not have to take other deterrent measures to repel threats".

On Tuesday, a peshmerga delegation met with interior and defence ministry representatives in Baghdad.

They "decided on a strategy aimed at enhancing border security and on implementation procedures that will be followed in the near future", a statement from the Kurdish authorities said.

On Wednesday, Lawk Ghafuri, head of foreign media relations in Kurdistan, also told AFP that the "Kurdistan regional government will be sending peshmerga forces as reinforcement at the border".

Iraqi Kurdistan has since the 1980s hosted several Iranian-Kurdish opposition groups which have in the past waged an armed insurrection against Tehran.

In recent years their activities have declined, but the new wave of protests in Iran has again stoked tensions.

On Sunday, Turkey launched a campaign of airstrikes targeting Kurdish forces across parts of Iraq and Syria as part of Operation Claw-Sword, following a deadly bombing in Istanbul on 13 November that it has blamed on the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).

The PKK denied involvement.