Iran's President Rouhani slams 'nuclear deal saboteurs' in debate

Iran's President Rouhani slams 'nuclear deal saboteurs' in debate
3 min read
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani slammed conservative opponents for allegedly attempting to sabotage the nuclear deal with world powers on Friday, in criticism voiced during the second election debate.
Rouhani is running against a range of moderates and conservatives in the presidential elections [AFP]
Iran's president blasted conservative opponents during a critical presidential debate on Friday, accusing them of attempting to sabotage the nuclear deal with world powers.

Hassan Rouhani slammed the decision to write anti-Israel messages on ballistic missiles before testing them, in what is seen as rare criticism of the elite Revolutionary Guards, and also spoke of his commitment to human rights.

"We saw how they wrote slogans on missiles and showed underground (missile) cities to disrupt the JCPOA (nuclear deal)," he said during the debate, which comes ahead of the 19 May election.

"Our nation got through these issues because the majority of society chose morality and Islam from day one," he added.

Iran argues that missile tests are not banned under the 2015 deal, which curbed its nuclear programme in exchange for a lifting of certain sanctions, but they have heightened tensions with the US and Israel.

Rouhani said his conservative opponents in the election were linked to those trying to scupper the deal and broader outreach to the West.

"When our diplomats were negotiating the deal, what were you doing behind the scenes? Some people acted like the opponents of the Iranian people," he said.

'Empty promises'

Meanwhile, one of Rouhani's main challengers, hard-line cleric Ebrahim Raisi, said he would not tear up the nuclear accord but slammed what he called the government's weak stance and empty promises.

"We should not show any weakness in the face of the enemy," said Raisi, who had a more lively debate after a lacklustre showing in the first round last week. 

"This agreement was like a cheque that the government has been unable to cash. Mr Rouhani promised that after the signing of the deal all the sanctions would be lifted and people's lives would improve, but they have not," he said.

Rouhani hit back with a spirited defence of the nuclear deal, saying it had allowed a massive increase in oil sales and opened the way for Iran to take a central position in regional diplomacy.

"It is unprecedented that Iran has such an important role," he said, referring to this week's talks on Syria alongside Russia and Turkey. 

He also vowed to improve civil rights - a crucial plank of his 2013 presidential campaign which has been stymied by the conservative judiciary and security forces.

"Civil rights are not just on paper, they will turn into practice. We will hold different sectors responsible," he said.

Last month, the conservative-controlled Guardian Council selected six candidates and rejected more than 1,600 applicants. The council also banned former Iranian leader Mahmoud Ahmadinejad from running in the elections.

Split evenly between three conservatives and three moderate-reformists, the debates have the flavour of a team event.

Analysts expect the other moderate candidates, vice-president Eshaq Jahangiri and Mostafa Hashemitaba, to withdraw at the last minute to boost Rouhani's chances.

Jahangiri surprised viewers with a forceful and charismatic turn in the first debate, leading some to speculate he could challenge his boss, although this time he was on more subdued form.

The conservatives were fatally split in 2013, and it is still unclear whether Raisi, Ghalibaf or the third conservative, Mostafa Mirsalim, will agree to rally round the most likely contender.