Iran agrees to stop arming Houthis as part of deal with Saudi: WSJ
Iran has agreed to arming Houthi rebels in Yemen as part of the recent Chinese-brokered reconciliation with Saudi Arabia, US and Saudi officials have said, according to a Wall Street Journal report on Thursday.
The 2014 seizure of the capital Sanaa by Iranian-linked Houthi rebels led to a 2015 intervention by neighboring Saudi Arabia, which leads a military coalition supporting Yemeni government forces.
The war has since claimed hundreds of thousands of lives - direct and indirect victims - and displaced millions. A truce in force since April 2022 and renewed twice expired in October without the Yemeni government and the Houthis reaching an agreement to renew it.
But the situation on the ground has remained relatively calm for nearly a year.
Iran's halt to weapons shipments to the Houthis could pressure the group to reach a deal to put an end to the conflict, the US and Saudi officials said according to WSJ.
Saudi Arabia has come under rocket fire from the Houthis for years. United Arab Emirates capital Abu Dhabi was also targeted in a drone and missile attack in January last year.
Iran has long denied that it provides the militant group with weapons.
"Two recent developments confirmed that the Yemeni rivals are nowhere near a negotiated political settlement"— The New Arab (@The_NewArab) November 8, 2022
Unpacking Yemen's narrowing path towards peace⬇ https://t.co/7mF9EgghqO
The surprise rapprochement between Saudi Arabia and Iran should offer momentum toward peace by the warring parties in Yemen after eight years of conflict, UN officials said Wednesday.
The UN Security Council on Wednesday discussed the impact on Yemen of the shock Chinese-led announcement on March 10 that diplomatic relations between Sunni Saudi and Shia Iranian rivals would be restored within two months.
Hans Grundberg, the UN Secretary General's Special Envoy for Yemen, urged the parties to the conflict to "seize the opportunity" of this diplomatic breakthrough in the Gulf.
"Intense diplomatic efforts are ongoing at different levels to bring the conflict in Yemen to an end," Grundberg told the Security Council via videolink.
The Swedish diplomat was in Tehran this week, while his US counterpart Timothy Lenderking visited Riyadh and Oman on Tuesday, according to the State Department.
Special Envoy Hans Grundberg is on a visit to Iran where he met Foreign Minister @Amirabdolahian, the Foreign Minister's senior advisor, Ali Asghar Khaji, and other senior Iranian officials to discuss recent developments in Yemen 1/2 pic.twitter.com/nNQsD7YwVi— @OSE_Yemen (@OSE_Yemen) March 13, 2023
Grundberg welcomed a new "regional and international diplomatic momentum" to find a peaceful settlement in Yemen.
Facing the press at the UN in New York, Stephane Dujarric, spokesman for Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, also welcomed the rapprochement between Riyadh and Tehran.
"This is clearly an opportunity (...) It is a big deal, to put it in diplomatic terms," he said. "We hope that this creates a climate that is conducive to enshrining a political path towards peace in Yemen."
However, this Iranian-Saudi detente will not bring a magic solution to Yemen, where the influence of the two regional powers on the protagonists is only one dimension of the conflict, analysts warn.
The country faces a multitude of challenges: humanitarian crisis, jihadist threat and separatist aspirations in the formerly independent south of Yemen.